Although the State Department`s Office of Contract Affairs recommends that Congress approve binding agreements as the safest remedy, the Bureau has been consulted on general guidelines that state that prosecutors can craft binding agreements that are less likely to raise constitutional issues. Although it must first be decided that the proposed agreement would not be contrary to a federal initiative, there does not appear to be a problem, given the confederation`s promotion of reciprocal state agreements. In addition, from the perspective of a particular international agreement, it may be advisable to include a language that confirms that the state is bound by its own laws and federal law, that there is no intention to create binding international law, that a state can withdraw from the agreement at any time, and that the agreement cannot be interpreted as interference with federal power.24 contributions were collected by D. D. Stier, collected and synthesized information on mutual assistance, conducted basic complementary legal research, and evaluated and identified legal approaches to achieve effective mutual assistance, and wrote the article. R. A. Goodman played a key role in the design of the article`s framework and in refining the content through successive projects and revisions of the analysis and text. It may be advisable to identify and verify other existing national and local cross-border agreements, some of which contain formal written documents. Fire protection agreements can be particularly instructive.
For example, the Great Lakes Forest Fire Protection Agreement, signed in 1989 by natural resource officers from Michigan, Minnesota, Ontario and Wisconsin, and the Northwest Wildland Fire Protection Agreement, approved by Congress on November 12, 1998 (Table 2▶). The PPS, founded on March 23, 2005 by the leaders of the United States, Mexico and Canada, calls for a “healthier North America.” In line with this objective, the SPP`s efforts include improving mechanisms for the exchange of information, developing cross-border protocols for mutual assistance, implementing guidelines developed by the Health Working Group of the U.S.-Mexico National Commission for the Coordination of Epidemiological Events of Mutual Interest between the United States and Mexico, and establishing an early warning system for infe disease surveillance. ctieuses (EWIDS). . . .