“Participation” – the direct trade union influence on corporate decision-making – is an integral part of business life in the Nordic countries. This is what happened in the 1970s, when labour riots, manifested by a wave of wildcat strikes in 1969-70, led Nordic unions, historically stronger at the national level than at the local level, to push for greater influence of workers in the workplace. This has led to a dramatic increase in the role of EU citizens. The seats of workers` representatives were mandated in Denmark, Norway and Sweden in 1973 and Finland in 1991. Additional measures have strengthened the position of security officials and strengthened individual rights to job security. Local participation in derinthek, business and business decisions was imposed in 1976 in Sweden (MBL, Participation Act) and Finland in 1979. In Denmark and Sweden, the initiative for direct influence on decision-making in management has been coupled with an initiative for the macroeconomic participation of employee funds. Although the employee fund initiative ultimately failed, participation increased the influence of employees and unions, from the workshop to the meeting room. John`s trade agreement with England led to a war against Sweden and the Hanseatic city of Lonbeck (1510-12), in which the new Danish navy won repeated victories.
However, in 1559, the Bishop`s Office of `Sel-Wiek` and thus the island of `Sel (Saaremaa) were sold to Denmark and partly to Danish Estonia. An island in Denmark was snat, until 1645. By acquiring the island, Denmark participated in the Livoque War (1558-1583). A war fought for control of the region of present-day Latvia and Estonia. Almost all the states around the Baltic Sea participated in the war. In 1562, King Frederick II of Denmark and Tsar Ivan IV signed the Treaty of Mozkhaysk, a continuation of the long tradition of friendship between Denmark and Russia. The treaty was a non-aggression pact and an alliance that precisely defined the Russian-owned areas of Livland and the regions of Denmark. Similarly, the treaty committed itself to a common friendship between the two countries and gave carte blanche to Denmark and Russia for a confrontation with one of their hereditary enemies. In practice, the treaty has not been fully implemented, which has increasingly irritated the Russian tsar.
That is why, in 1570, Tsar Ivan IV interfered in the political direction of Danish Estonia. He hoped to encourage the Danes to take more determined action in Livland. He crowned Duke Magnus, brother of Danish King Frederic II, king of the Russian vassal state of Livland. Nevertheless, the tsar`s political tactics failed and Denmark did not want to play a more important political role in the Estonian region. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Russia was a mixture of great power and developing countries with all the characteristics that characterize such a society.