Part IV of the agreement lays the groundwork for progressive liberalisation of services through successive rounds of negotiations and the development of national timetables. It also allows parties to withdraw or amend, after three years, the commitments made in their calendars. Where commitments are amended or withdrawn, negotiations should be conducted with interested parties to agree on compensatory adjustments. If there is no agreement, compensation would be decided by arbitration. While the parties are generally required not to limit international transfers and payments for current transactions related to the obligations arising from the agreement, there are provisions that allow for limited restrictions in the event of balance-of-payments difficulties. However, these restrictions are subject to conditions; including that they are not discriminatory, avoid unnecessary commercial damage to other parties and are temporary. This agreement will extend and clarify the agreement on technical barriers to trade reached during the Tokyo round. The aim is to ensure that technical negotiations and standards, as well as testing and certification procedures, do not create unnecessary barriers to trade. However, it recognizes that countries have the right to provide protection at a level they deem appropriate. B for example for human life, animal or plant, or for health or the environment, and that they should not be prevented from taking the necessary measures to ensure compliance with these levels of protection.
The agreement therefore calls on countries to apply international standards where they are appropriate, but it does not require them to change their level of protection because of standardization. The creation of the World Trade Organization was not planned at the beginning of the negotiations in the 1986 Uruguay Round, but the discussions proposed it as the necessary institutional framework for the implementation of the final agreements. As this manual points out, the agreements reached at the end of the Uruguay Round were a major step forward in efforts to improve the regulation of international trade. For brands and service marks, the agreement defines the types of trademarks that can be protected as a trademark or service mark and the minimum rights available to their owners. Brands known in a given country must be provided with additional protection. In addition, the agreement provides for a number of obligations relating to the use of trademarks and service marks, their duration of protection and their licensing or transfer. For example, the use of foreign trademarks in combination with local brands would generally be prohibited. The package is designed as part of an ongoing process to achieve the long-term goal of ensuring a significant gradual reduction in support and protection. In this context, it calls for continued negotiations in the fifth year of implementation, which, combined with an assessment of the first five years of non-trade concerns, would take into account special and differentiated treatment of developing countries, the objective of establishing a fair and market-oriented trading system, and other concerns and objectives identified in the preamble to the agreement. Agreement on the interpretation of Article XXXV – non-application of the General Agreement.
Agreement authorizing a contracting party or a newly-joined country to invoke the non-application provisions of the GATT vis-à-vis the other contracting party after initiating customs negotiations between them. The WTO agreement stipulates that any appeal to the non-application provisions of this agreement must be extended to all multilateral agreements.